Viewing Patrick B. Nolan: "The Waseca County Horse Thief Detective Society." (1971)
Vigilantes, popularly thought to be a phenomenon of the far western frontier, were active in several communities Minnesota and other states in the Midwest in the nineteenth century, long after the frontier had passed. Vigilance committees emerged to combat acts of lawlessness that could not be controlled by the county sheriff whose office was not adequately funded or staffed. They were formal organizations with members, officers, and governing charters.